All women with normal physiology and anatomy will have a little discharge that begins a year or 2 before they step into adolescence and ends after some time of menopause. Nevertheless, the quantity of discharge a woman differs from time to time and it changes quite a lot between 2 menstrual cycles. Typical and normal vaginal discharge is a clear or a bit whitish fluid coming out of the vaginal tract. The uterus, cervix or vagina regularly produces fluids. Most often, vaginal discharge is clear or white but it may turn stretchy and slippery while the body is undergoing ovulation, about 2 weeks later to the menstrual cycle. A change in the color or quantity of vaginal discharge, accompanied by other signs might indicate that the body is infected.
Normal vaginal flora (lactobacilli) colonizes the vaginal epithelium and might play important role in defense against various infections. They keep the vaginal pH normal between 3.8 and 4.4. The quality and amounts of vaginal discharge might differ in the same woman in menstrual periods and over the time; every woman has her own threshold of normality and what is okay or severe for her.
Vaginal Discharge Causes
Let’s continue with this content page. Thrush and bacterial vaginal discharge aren’t sexually transmitted infections, though their effects might turn worst after having sexual intercourse. Thrush is due to an organism known as Candida, which is a kind of yeast and is generally not so harmful. However, it might cause symptoms during gestational period, after undergoing a course of antibiotics for some illness, or for women who are known case of diabetes mellitus. Some women are susceptible to suffer from thrush monthly just before their menstrual cycle. Bacterial vaginal discharge is caused due to a mixture of bacteria that multiply inside the vaginal tract especially when natural acidic vaginal secretion is altered, however, the reason for this is not so clear.
Other causes for vaginal discharge include genital warts, genital herpes, and Trichomonas infection that might have transmitted while the organisms would come into direct contact with the vagina, generally during the coitus. Chlamydia and gonorrhea are other infections that give rise to vaginal discharge and are caused due to unprotected sexual contact. In fact, the biggest risk factor for almost all STDs is because of unprotected sex (not using any contraceptives, especially condoms).
Thinning of the vaginal skin may happen after the menopause and is medically called as ‘atrophic vaginitis‘. Cancers in genital area can also cause vaginal discharge.
Vaginal Discharge Symptoms
A healthy vaginal discharge is transparent or white and doesn’t smell so filthy. It might change at adolescence, gestation and menopause, and there is a typical pattern to its thickness but there must be no blood in the discharge between menstrual cycles and no bleeding associated with sexual intercourse.
Thrush may cause a thick, white discharge that mostly resembles to that of a cottage cheese. It may cause intense itching, vaginal irritation and redness. Unlike thrush, bacterial vaginal discharge doesn’t generally cause soreness. The discharge there is grayish and watery, and possesses a strong, strong odor that’s fishy smell, and this is its most predominant feature. Both thrush and bacterial vaginal discharge got a tendency to happen more than one time over a period of time.
Vaginal Discharge Treatment
Vaginal discharge can be treated using herbal bath with added perfumed, vaginal douches or using some disinfectant that all destroy the natural acidic vaginal secretion whose normal function is to protect against thrush and bacterial infections. One should keep vaginal area very clean and should pay extra attention to hygiene. For this, simply wash the area with disinfectant and one must keep the area healthy by wearing cotton underwear and loose undergarments.